Crime Investigation in India

An ebook on Crime Investigation in India:

Crime Investigation in India is governed by various legislations as also a number of legal precedents.

As regards legislations, it is governed by Criminal Procedure Code, 1973. Offences governed by Indian Penal Code 1860 besides other specialised laws e.g. Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985. Evidence of witnesses during trial is to be evaluated on the touch stone of Evidence Act, 1872.

Apart from above legislations, there are numerous directions, guidelines and cautions by Supreme Court to protect the personal liberty, human rights and human dignity under article 21 of the Constitution of India.

Crime investigation is the domain of police but in case of economic or other classes of crimes some other departments are also authorised to investigate. More importantly the matters of national security are investigated by National Investigation Agency or NIA for short. But all these agencies are bound by same laws barring few exceptions.

The commencement of an investigation happens when a crime is committed. The First Chapter is in regard to introduction to the Crime and Offences.

Read a free sample at Google Play Store.

Read a free sample at Amazon Kindle here

The Chapter 2 is about the Police itself. It explains the source of power of Police Officers and hierarchy of Government over it.

Continue reading “Crime Investigation in India”

Criminal law and trial of offences in India

Criminal Law in India:

Crime investigation and trial of offences in India is governed by Criminal Procedure Code, 1973. Offences governed by Indian Penal Code 1860 besides other specialised laws e.g. Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985. Evidence of witnesses during trial is to be evaluated on the touch stone of Evidence Act, 1872. Children and Juvenile have special law called JJ Act. Prison Conditions are governed by Prisons Act.

Apart from above legislations, there are numerous directions, guidelines and cautions by Supreme Court to protect the personal liberty, human rights and human dignity under article 21 of the Constitution of India.

This book is an attempt to assimilate basic knowledge from all these sources so as to assist in each stage of criminal proceedings starting with crime investigation, bail, trial and even after the conviction and sentencing of a person.

Criminal Law in India

Click at any of the following links to read a free sample of this book on Criminal Law:

Buy at Google Play Store.

Buy at Amazon Kindle.

Buy Paperback.

Sorry. Paperback not available in some countries.

Read about more books on law here.

Corruption in India (History, Law and Politics)

Corruption in India

India is the only living ancient civilization which will soon be the most populous country in the World. Corruption remains India’s biggest problem. In last about 72 years since India’s independence, numerous laws and authorities have been created by India to deal with the menace of corruption.

An ebook on Corruption:

Ebook on Corruption in India

Even though several Chief Ministers, Ministers, Officials etc. are serving sentences of imprisonment in different prisons, the menace of corruption has not subsided. Since 2014 the India may have improved it’s transparency rating but this does not change the ground realities of laws and enforcement authorities which are placed in a precarious flip flop course.

Continue reading “Corruption in India (History, Law and Politics)”

Ebook on Legal Profession in India

Advocates Act, 1961 with Professional Ethics

eBook, available at Google Play and Kindle Stores.

Law governing legal profession in India.

Advocates Act, 1961 governs the legal profession in India. According to it there are two classes of lawyers entitled to practice law in India i.e. Advocates and Senior Advocates. The Act has provisions for entry into profession as well as discipline and exit from profession. All the three aspects are looked after by the Bar Councils created under the Act which is a body of lawyers themselves. Bar Council also frames the Code of Conduct and Rules of Professional Ethics to be followed by every practicing lawyer. This book contains lucid commentary on all aspects of Advocates Act, 1962. This ebook also contains a specific chapter on Professional Ethics covering material from all over the Globe.

For Android users:

Click here to read Advocates Act and Professional Ethics ebook at Google Play Store

For iPhone, windows and Kindle users:

The book titled “Commentary on Advocates Act, 1961 and Professional Ethics” is also available at Amazon Kindle Store. Check it by clicking the picture below: Continue reading “Ebook on Legal Profession in India”

Law of Ownership and Transfer of Property in India

An ebook on Law of Ownership and Transfer of Property in India.

Property

Ownership of property is a matter of fact. For example, I have an immovable property and I can enjoy it till I am interrupted by some one. However in law a person in possession of property is not necessarily its owner. Yet a person in possession too have certain rights. All these aspects of ownership and possession are discussed in this book. Continue reading “Law of Ownership and Transfer of Property in India”

Law of Limitation in India

Understanding Limitation Act, 1963

Every remedy has a period of limitation within which it can be invoked. The right to seek relief is extinguished after the period of limitation. In India the statute of limitation is called as Limitation Act which was enacted in the year 1963.

Though Act of 1963 is not the exclusive as remedies provided before various Tribunals under different statutes are governed by limitation under that statute yet the principles laid down in the cases decided in respect of Limitation Act would apply to those statutes as well.

This book covers the Limitation Act, 1963 and also the selected leading judgments of Supreme Court of India and Various High Courts of India. Wherever possible live links to judgments are provided.

The ebook is easily comprehensible by lawyers and laymen alike. Do use the feature of search to land at what you are looking for.

Law of limitation at Google Play Store:

For Android phone users and Google Chromebook users the ebook Law of Limitation in India is available here. Or you may click the picture below.

limitation-coverLaw of Limitation at Amazon Kindle:

For others like Kindle readers, IPhone or IPad or MacBook users, the book is available in Amazon Kindle Format as well. Click here or the picture below to land at Amazon Kindle page.

Please buy the book and do write a review or comment here below. Every suggestion is welcome.

Information Technology Act, 2000 as amended in 2008

Cyber Law in India:

Information Technology Act, 2000 is the law governing e-commerce, internet and Cyber laws in India. The only legal commentary on the subject has been thoroughly revised and updated and now it’s 2014 edition is available for sale as Kindle Edition.

About the Kindle eBook on Information Technology Act, 2000:

“Facebook arrests, blocking of web sites etc. wakes up to understand what is the law behind such Government action and if it was justified. The relevant law in India is Information Technology Act, 2000. This kindle book is a legal commentary on the provisions of Information Technology Act, 2000 as enacted by the Parliament of India. This statute primarily governs the law relating to Internet, Digital Communication and other such matters. This statute covers variety of new legal rights and liabilities apart from creating various authorities for enforcement of new rights and liabilities. Certain acts have been defined as offenses which are punishable with fine or imprisonment. This book, apart from the original enacted provisions of the statute also contains legal commentary on virtually every provision to assist the the legal implications of each provision. Commentary also contains reference to existing case law on the subject without confining itself to the courts of India and incorporating judicial precedents from all over the world. Where ever direct case law is not available, an anlogous provision and case law thereon has been dealt with to thoroughly analyze the provisions of this Act. This is a 2014 edition and includes a thorough commentary on the notorious provisions introduced by Amending Act of 2008. “

Scroll below to read extracts from book or click the image to buy:

Section 66-A, is a restriction upon the right of ‘Free Speech’ or ‘Freedom of Speech & Expression’ guaranteed under Article 19(1)(a) of Constitution of India. It curtails the freedom of expression by prohibiting under coercion of penal action, certain kinds of expression. However the restrictions under this provision have to meet the test of reasonableness as specified under article 19(2) Which is as under:

‘Nothing in sub-clause (a) of clause (1) shall affect the operation of any existing law or prevent the State from making any law, in so far as such law imposes reasonable restrictions on the exercises of the right conferred by the said sub-clause in the interest of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign, State, public, order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence.’

Since, we shall be discussing the cases from around the globe, it may be pointed out that in USA, the freedom of speech is absolute as there is no provision in the constitution similar to article 19(2). However Supreme Court of USA has evolved several tests, one of which is the test of ‘clear and present danger’ which is similar to test of reasonableness provided in article 19(2) but it is not the same. In fact Justice Douglus of USA Supreme Court was of the view that even in USA the ‘Judges sometimes try to read the word “reasonable” into the First Amendment or make the rights it grants subject to reasonable regulation.’1 He also took note of the fact that ‘this limitation is strictly construed; any restriction amounting to an “imposition” which will “operate harshly” on speech or the press will be held invalid.’2

………..

More extracts:

Constitutional Validity u/a 19(1)(a) The restrictions imposed by the s. 66-A have to be tested on the anvil of objects for which it is permissible to impose the restriction u/a. 19(2) of Constitution. These can be summed up as under:

1. Interest of Sovereignty and Integrity of India,
2. Security of State,
3. Friendly relations with foreign State,
4. Public order
5. Decency or morality,
6. Contempt of court
7. Defamation or
8. Incitement to an offence.

All the above subjects are covered by specialized laws which deal with matters ex post facto. Some of above subjects are also covered by other provisions of this Act, itself. It is yet to be seen as to under which of the above 8 objects, s.66-A, seeks to achieve. At best S. 66-A can relate to decency or cyber-stalking but it does not employ these words. It would be appropriate to deal with each clause of section 66-A separately.

Clause (a) deals with an act of ‘Intimidation’ through electronic message while former is covered by IPC. Obviously c. (a) is similar in term with the c. (a) of 127 of U.K. Communications Act, 2003 in so far as word ‘menace’ is concerned. But similarity ends there itself. Obviously this clause relate to an offence of intimidation itself and not an ‘incitement to do an offence’. It may be seen that unless a message falls within one of the 8 categories specified in article 19(2) of Constitution, it would be hit by Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution. Act of intimidation, unless it is contrary to interest of Sovereignty and Integrity of India or Security of State or Friendly relations with foreign State or in alternative it is accompanied by disturbance of public order or incitement to commit an offence or is contrary to decency or morality or amounts to contempt of court or defamation, mere menacing nature of message is beyond the legislative competence of the Parliament and is unconstitutional, being hit by article 19(1)(a).

Clause (b) starts with the word ‘false’ and thereafter employs a series of words which have different………….

Click the image to buy:

Law of Maintenance in India

An eBook about Law of Maintenance in India.

Maintenance has a legal connotation in India which includes, Child Support, Spouse Support and Parent Support.

Introduction about the ebook:

Maintenance of dependents, is a pious duty of human beings but in certain circumstances it is also a statutory liability with a corresponding right vested in the dependent, to legally enforce this duty through court of law. 

Entitlement to maintenance is a complex right in India. In certain relationships, the right and corresponding liability is rigid but in other circumstances it is dependent upon the various other factors. The matter is further made complex by various personal laws in respect of citizens belonging to different religions and also a variety of forums. This book of about 800 pages attempts to assimilate all the aspects of this branch of family law, as far as possible.  

Read free sample or purchase ebook from Google Play Store by clicking the picture below:

Maintenance

To read excerpts from the book, scroll down or to buy, click the image the ebook from amazon.com here:

Selected excerpts from the ebook, Law of Maintenance:

Continue reading “Law of Maintenance in India”